The agricultural production value of Hai Duong province in the first half of the year posted the highest rise among industry groups.
Despite a warm winter-spring crop, the provincial spring-summer rice productivity still sharply increases
Though being affected by the Covid-19 pandemic and many other adverse factors, the agricultural production value of Hai Duong province in the first half of the year still posted the highest rise among industry groups, which did not repeat in the past 20 years.
This is the result of efforts of authorities at all levels, sectors, and people in improving the quality of farm produce and seeking consumer markets.
According to data released by the provincial Statistics Office, in the first six months of the year, the provincial agricultural production value amounted to VND10,975 billion, equivalent to 58.8% of the year's plan and up 7.5% year on year. This is the highest rise in the past 20 years.
The first half of this year is considered a great success of cultivation since the production value of all staple crops recorded impressive figures.
Despite the adverse weather, thanks to people's experience, close and drastic direction of authorities and specialized agencies, the productivity, quality, and price of winter-spring crops, spring-summer rice, and lychee soared.
The production value of the winter-spring crop (at real prices) reached VND4,012.5 billion, an increase of VND478.5 billion over the same period last year, equivalent to VND188.3 million/ ha on average, up VND23.4 million/ ha against 2019.
Strong crops like carrot, onion, garlic, cabbage, kohlrabi, etc. were highly productive and stably priced, bringing about a profit of VND6 – 10 million/ sao (360 m²) to farmers. This is the most bumper winter-spring crop with the best price in the last five years.
Despite a warm winter-spring crop, there was still a good harvest of spring-summer rice. Apart from changing the structure of rice varieties and cultivation methods in a positive direction, the province successfully built many models of concentrated rice production in association with product underwriting.
An increase in the cultivation area of quality and late spring rice varieties limited disadvantages of the weather. Rice productivity reached VND64.1 quintals/ha, up 1.8 quintals/ha over the previous spring-summer crop.
Binh Giang and Cam Giang districts and Kinh Mon provincial town continued to take the lead in the province in terms of rice productivity which exceeded 66.5 quintals/ha.
The highlight of the provincial cultivation picture in the first six months of the year is lychee production and sale.
This year, in spite of high temperature, short damaging cold spells, and little rain, flowering and fruiting rates remained high. The provincial lychee yield hit 43,000 tons, a rise of 18,000 tons over the previous crop.
One of the outstanding features of the agricultural sector in the first six months of the year is higher lychee productivity with the actual production value hitting VND1,290 billion, up nearly VND570 billion over 2019
Contrary to the initial prediction that lychee sale would be difficult due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, this year's lychee was sold well at high prices.
Thanks to good propaganda and trade promotion, not only domestic sale but the export of lychee was also favorable. This is the first year fresh lychee of the province has been exported to the fastidious market of Japan. This limited the price depression of traders and contributed to pushing prices much higher than previous years. With an average selling price of VND30,000/kg in the whole crop, the actual lychee production value reached VND1,290 billion, an increase of VND569.692 billion compared to 2019.
In the first months of 2020, diseases among livestock were complicated, and Hai Duong, located in a buffer zone, was at high risk of infection.
Facing this fact, the agricultural sector intensified direction and guidance of breeding households on measures to proactively control and early detect diseases and execute biosafety breeding. As a result, the animal husbandry sector was more prosperous and satisfactory than 2019.
Cattle raising was basically stable, ensuring supply for the market with a total of 4,250 buffaloes and 22,000 oxen, up 2.53% and 12.2% over the same period last year, respectively.
Pig rearing gradually recovered after the African swine fever "storm"; however, due to high prices of breeding stock and fear of re-outbreak of the pandemic, the breeding of new herds remained slow. At present, there are a total of 310,000 pigs in the province, an increase of 9.9% over the end of 2019.
Poultry raising thrived thanks to the market demand and practical conditions when pig rearing was unstable. The provincial poultry totaled nearly 13 million animals, up 9.5%; however, a reduction in demand during the peak of the Covid-19 pandemic led to oversupply, making rearers suffer losses.
The fishery sector also recorded breakthroughs in variety structure and breeding methods. Apart from traditional fish kept for breeding purposes, rearers proactively bred some new varieties suitable to the provincial surface water conditions.
The total aquaculture area reached 11,870 ha with an estimated yield of 42,100 tons.
At present, there are 6,189 fish cages in rivers in the province with a volume of 750,000 m3. The production of fish kept for breeding purposes is estimated at 820 million, basically meeting quantity and quality requirements for the provincial aquaculture area.
The consumption of commercial fish in the 1st quarter was relatively slow because of the Covid-19 pandemic. In the 2nd quarter, consumption improved and people made profits.