From documents on Vice President Nguyen Luong Bang – an elite native of Hai Duong, we understand why such a small country could win over powerful colonial and imperial countries.
In this file photo, Vice President Nguyen Luong Bang talks to people during a visit to his hometown
Nguyen Luong Bang was born into a poor Confucius family in Dong hamlet, Doan Tung commune (now Thanh Tung commune, Thanh Mien district) in 1904.
At the age of 17, he had to leave his hometown for Hai Phong to earn his living. There, the story of Pham Hong Thai with Shamian bombing sound greatly influenced Nguyen Luong Bang.
He was led to Ho Tung Mau by fate and awoke to revolutionary ideas.
In 1925, he was admitted to the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association and attended training classes on Marxism-Leninism directly taught by leader Nguyen Ai Quoc. From there, he understood the way of the Vietnamese revolution and decided to follow the path chosen by leader Nguyen Ai Quoc.
At the end of 1926, from China, Nguyen Luong Bang volunteered to return home to establish a system of communication between Vietnam and foreign countries.
With the heavy responsibilities of spreading Marxism-Leninism into Vietnam and expanding the revolutionary movement southward, Nguyen Luong Bang had to work continuously in Hai Duong and sometimes in Sai Gon or Shanghai (China). In a short time, revolutionary bases were established.
However, in May 1931, he was captured by the enemy. French colonials used all kinds of torture but could neither exploit anything nor subjugate his courageous spirit.
In prison, Nguyen Luong Bang persuaded his fellow prisoners to fight for reduction of severe regimes and, at the same time, participated in founding a Party cell there. From that point, he was also known as Sao Do.
Throughout his arduous revolutionary life, Nguyen Luong Bang was captured three times by the enemy and successfully escaped from prison twice.
Facing death many times, he still upheld a communist's sense of purpose and uprightness and was absolutely loyal to the Party, the revolutionary cause, and the people despite brutal torture of the enemy.
Nguyen Luong Bang gradually matured: from a member of the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association, he was admitted to the An Nam Communist Party and became one of the first members of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Not only a pioneer in the process of building the Party, later, Nguyen Luong Bang was also took the lead in implementing all new revolutionary tasks.
He was the first person to undertake the financial development task for the Party and Viet Minh Front, the first person to lead economic and financial affairs of the Party during the resistance war against French colonials, and the head of the Party's inspection work.
Nguyen Luong Bang was the first person to organize and build and the first director-general of the National Bank of Vietnam and the first ambassador of Vietnam to the Soviet Union.
He was trusted and elected as Vice President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam after the death of President Ho Chi Minh and then Vice President of the unified Vietnam.
Good reputation left for life
Nguyen Luong Bang passed away on July 20, 1979. It's been 40 years since his death but stories of a person dedicating himself to the national independence and freedom and the people's happiness are still preserved for posterity.
In which, there is a story of Ha Thuc Trinh, the Vice President's wife, twice voluntarily returning a villa at 5 Thien Quang street, Hai Ba Trung district, Ha Noi, to the State.
The first time was in 1979. After Nguyen Luong Bang's death, she wrote a letter to the Party leaders asking to return the villa for the State to use. However, the request was not accepted.
In 1993 when there was a land and house fever in Ha Noi, she once again volunteered to return the villa, making the public extremely flabbergasted. The reason is that at that time, a company wanted to hire the villa for thousands of dollars, so she gave it back thinking: "The country is still facing difficulties and privations, and each citizen is under obligation to shoulder and share them." Reportedly, this is also Vice President Nguyen Luong Bang's will.
During a business trip to China in the resistance war against French colonials, he unfortunately wore a long-sleeved shirt on a hot sunny day, making him sweat heavily, but he still refused to take it off.
Not until much later did everyone know he wore a torn shirt inside that day, so he silently endured the heat instead of making the country lose face.
Another story is that he once steadfastly rejected the Soviet Union's offer to find a larger headquarters for the Vietnamese Embassy.
At that time, the Vietnamese Embassy in the Soviet Union was stationed at an old house on a small street which was muddy whenever it rained while he stayed in a room only about 15 m2 in area.
However, he always reminded his comrades: "We are at resistance war. Our comrades in Vietnam are living and working in privation. Uncle Ho and other leaders are also living and working in the same condition. We have no right to come in for a share of society's products or live in comfort..."
At the Tan Trao National Congress in August 1945, Nguyen Luong Bang was one of five people elected to the Standing Board of the Vietnam National Liberation Committee and one of representatives of the Party Central Committee and the Viet Minh General Committee aside from Tran Huy Lieu and Cu Huy Can going to Hue to confiscate the seal and sword of King Bao Dai.
When returning to Ha Noi, he asked to give up his position in the Standing Board of the Vietnam National Liberation Committee to patriotic personalities and intellectuals before the provisional Government was introduced to people in the capital.
"This is an impartial and good manner as he is not greedy for position but puts interests of the people and national unity above individual interests," President Ho Chi Minh assessed.
With more than half a century in 75 years of age striving for independence, freedom, and socialism, Nguyen Luong Bang is a bright example who dedicated himself to the national independence and the people's freedom and happiness.
He is the pride of Hai Duong people as assessed by former Secretary of the Party Central Committee Hoang Tung: "In his lifetime, he was straightforward and humble, hid himself, busied himself with work, treasured public property, and did not seek fortune or fame at all. After death, he only left an example and a good reputation."